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What everyone must know about IoT, 5G and Big Data

Acronyms and new terms come up in all discussions, even when meeting mission-critical professionals. How will these new technologies affect the daily work of public safety and other professionals? What should you know about IoT, 5G and Big Data?

Any 4G/5G network is essentially a wireless bit pipe that carries data and provides mobile IP services. To enable critical communications services that meet the needs of users, a service layer is also needed. This white paper describes the necessary service layer.Word cloud with trendy technology words

The opportunities and risks of IoT

The Internet of Things, or IoT, is a general term, meaning that all devices and vehicles and other objects in our home and professional lives are connected via the internet. For mission-critical users, it presents both great opportunities and alarming risks.

The opportunities are that there will be more data and information available for public safety organizations to help important decision-making. There will be sensor data, pictures, videos and other data from accident scenes, but also much historical data that can be analyzed to help prevent crimes. 

The risks of IoT are related to security and privacy – how all this information from people’s homes, their movements, their actions are kept safe and only used in an appropriate way. Other risks include society’s dependence on networks and how power black-outs are handled when most things in buildings and cities are dependent on electricity and communication networks.

Towards a new standard

Any 4G/5G network is essentially a wireless bit pipe that carries data and provides mobile IP services. In the case of 5G, the bit pipe is “bigger” and will be able to carry even more traffic.

5G, a future telecommunication networks defined by the 3GPP standardization organization, will change how people work, spend their free time and indeed live their lives. 4G was mostly designed for mobile devices, but 5G will answer the challenges set by IoT – the fact that networked devices can be anything. Great data speeds, but also efficiency and more cohesive networks are the building blocks of 5G.

For mission-critical users, this means the chance to have great new tools - sharing even very large amounts of information with colleagues. 5G technology offers at least one gigabit per second for connection speeds, shorter delays than 4G technology, and millimeter wave (mmW) bands for supporting applications requiring large capacity.

However, the networks that provide this juiced-up performance need to be resilient and reliable - on the “mission-critical” level.
Work is proceeding in 3GPP to do this. The objective is to make 5G standards, and eventually the actual networks, support mission-critical features like reliability and priorities.

Countries at the forefront of 5G implementation include the US, South Korea and Japan. Many observers will be watching to see when and how mission-critical users in those countries adopt new networks and of course how soon mission-critical features will be implemented. The FirstNet-project in the USA will be one pilot to follow.

Big Data means great insights

There is no doubt that large amounts of data will be generated by sensors, cameras, foot patrols, maps, databases, drones and more. But how can we make sense of all the data and use it profitably?

Integration of information from different sources is potentially a large task, yet with careful planning and the right tools, valuable insights can be drawn. To prioritize the intercepted information is crucial, as decision-makers can only digest a certain amount of information and draw insights based on it.

Clearly, there is a need for a service layer of critical communications (the Critical Collaboration Platform) on top of 5G networks.

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Handpicked related content: "Critical Communications Service Layer - Bringing mission critical broadband on 4G/5G networks".
Any 4G/5G network is essentially a wireless bit pipe that carries data and provides mobile IP services. To enable critical communications services that meet the needs of users, a service layer is also needed. This white paper describes the necessary service layer.

Download this white paper

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When new things emerge onto the market, mission-critical users are curious and want to see how their world – which is about keeping people and cities safe – will be affected. Although the effects can be very positive, careful planning is needed to achieve the greatest benefits.